Situated on the banks of river Tiber, Rome was a small town which over the years rose to become one of the most potent civilizations of the world. During the times of King Alexander of Macedonia, Rome was an important hub of philosophy, art, ethnicity and science. A major portion of agricultural and industrial advancement of that era owed its origin to this great empire.
After the demise of Great Alexander, Rome suffered at the hands of his Commandos, who split the country for personal selfish interests till 30 BC. In 750 BC, Rome was under the control of an Etruscan King. However, in 500 BC, the Etruscans were defeated by the Latins, who took over the reigns of the country in their hands. Gradually, Rome gained military strength owing to its constant fights with neighboring powers such as Greece, Carthage and Finish. The Romans aimed to increase their political boundary to provide better sustenance to the existing population.
Historical evidence attributes the fall of Roman Kingdom to an incident of suicide. A woman of high social strata was molested by Tarkius, the son of a Roman Emperor. Her husband Lucius T. Collatinus 2, along with his supporters initiated an agitation that culminated in the removal of Tarkians from Rome. However, the Etruscan rule also was not appreciated by the people and this resulted in the fall of the Roman Kingdom in 510 AD, after which Rome entered the era of Republican Rule that lasted for about 500 years.
The Roman Republic comprised of two fundamental sects of society. One was represented by the Senate symbolizing the high class Patricians and the other was Commissa Curiata encompassing the ordinary Plebeians. As a consequence of monarchy, the Patricians lived in luxury, while the Plebeians were constantly oppressed. Gradually, resentment against their exploitation led the Plebeians to unify and launch civil disobedience. The fear of the Plebeians establishing their sovereignty led the Patricians to surrender to their demands. As a result, more rights were granted to the Plebeians and social and economical equality prevailed in Rome.
The expansion of the political boundaries of Rome led to the three Punic Wars with Carthage. Rome’s various military campaigns resulted in subjugating kingdoms of Egypt, Syria, Macedonia and Trans Alpine Gall. However, this very greed of expansion led to the fall of the Roman Empire. The lack of administration and supervision of these mass provinces led to the emergence of corrupt Governors.
Anarchy prevailed in Rome after the civil rage during BC 73 initiated by Slave Spartacus. Supreme power passed into the hands of the military heads. The rule of Rome soon went into the hands of the legendary Julius Caesar and his associates, Pompeii and Crasus. However, a conspiracy by his own friend, Brutus led to his demise. The next ruler in line was Anthony, Caesar’s relative. His authority did not last long and finally Octavian, came to be known as Augusts Caesar, became the first emperor of Rome.
Thus, history reveals that the primary reason for the fall of the Roman Empire was the differences between the communal and patriarchal forces that gave rise to various internal and external wars, thereby furnishing the decline of the great empire.